April 27, 2021

Feminism in Modern Contemporary Art 1 | Bauhaus

Another Citylit course that interested me was was run by Irina Chkhaidze.

Over the course of 5 weeks Irina will walk us through a history of Feminism in Modern & Contemporary Art.

I really liked the photomontage work by Marianne Brandt and her use of found imagery from newspaper articles. Using news imagery to make her point was very striking and effective.

Notes taken during the lecture:

Women’s role in the history of art has been transforming from the 1970s, and the role that feminist art historians played in this process.

First wave feminism second half of 19th century and early 20th century.
Second wave 60-80s
Third wave 90s+

Essentialism – inherent characteristics and attributes of the genders. Eco feminism.

Judith Chicago 1960/70sMartha Rosler Semiotics of the kitchen
Visual form that comes out of the male experiences. 
Mary Cassist – women, even anti-feminists are speaking to, for and about women.
Women own the domestic sphere whilst men own the public.

The Female Avant-Gardists – Bauhaus 1920s
Functionality dictates form. Architecture – the ultimate goal of art is the building.Art & crafts equalKandinsky a lecturer.  Written works on Spirituality and colour.

Marianne Brandt – Teapot 1924 – metalwork – the only female student.
Also Photomontage & photography Help Out! Liberated Woman!  – active v passive, contributes, agency,

Anni Albers – Weaving
Otti Berger

Lucia Moholy – new vision photography (immature/too experimental)

  • beyond human perception
  • Unexpected frame/angle
  • High contrast
  • Dark/light
  • Close ups
  • Multiple exposures

References used during the class and read as homework:

  • Judy Chicago talks about her feminist art practice: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UA9cp9jqHZE
  • https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/feminist-philosophy/
  • Interview with Martha Rosler, New York , 2015 (Another gaze Journal). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EMxo_3Ppr8Y